英美概况——纵览·博闻 - 智慧树-知到

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绪论

1、Which of the following sports belong to the extreme sport?
    A、skydiving
    B、hang gliding
    C、C.rock climbing
    D、bungee jumping



2、__________ in London is one of the world’s largest and most important museums of human history and culture.
    A、The British Museum
    B、The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    C、Museum of London
    D、Victoria and Albert Museum



3、The Statue of Liberty, a woman holding a torch and a book set on Liberty Island, is located at the entrance to ___________.
    A、Washington D.C.
    B、New York
    C、Los Angeles
    D、San Francisco



4、The Elizabeth Tower, which is often referred to by the name of its main bell as ________, is an iconic landmark of London and the United Kingdom.
    A、Big Man
    B、Big Ben
    C、Big Fan
    D、Big Gan



5、The most bustling square of New York, known for its many Broadway theatres, cinemas and super signs, is the Times Square .



6、Which of the following attractions are in the US?
    A、Yellowstone National Park
    B、Lake District National Park
    C、Great Smoky Mountains Park
    D、Grand Canyon Skywalk



7、The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, was used as a prison in the past.



8、The wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer was held in the _____________.
    A、Westminster Abbey
    B、St. Paul’s Cathedral
    C、Canterbury Cathedral
    D、York Minster



9、The Celtic poeple were the earliest known inhabitants of Britain.



10、In reality, the British King or Queen is the source of all government powers.



第一章测试

1、There are totally 50 states in America.



2、The majority of the people of the U.K. is ____________.
    A、White
    B、Asians
    C、Black
    D、Mixed



3、The United States has a large population of 323 million, which makes it the __________ populous nation in the world.
    A、first
    B、second
    C、third
    D、fourth



4、The major divisions are normally classified as English English, Welsh English and Scottish English in Britain.



5、The English and Welsh are both Celtic Language.



6、There are many differences between the American English and the British English, such as _____________.
    A、Spelling
    B、pronunciation
    C、grammar
    D、all of the above



7、Which of the following is NOT American English?
    A、fall
    B、parking lot
    C、elevator
    D、maths



8、Which of the following sports belong to the extreme sport?
    A、skydiving
    B、hang gliding
    C、C.rock climbing
    D、bungee jumping



9、__________ in London is one of the world’s largest and most important museums of human history and culture.
    A、The British Museum
    B、The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    C、Museum of London
    D、Victoria and Albert Museum



10、Which of the followings is NOT a commonly found mistake when Chinese speak English?
    A、I am come from China.
    B、How to say Jiaozi in English?
    C、I think I can’t finish my job in time.
    D、What time is it?



第二章测试

1、_________ tribes were ancestors of the Highland Scots, the Irish and the Welsh.
    A、The Iberians
    B、The Celts
    C、The Normans
    D、The Anglo-Saxons



2、Recorded history of Britain started from the time when the Celts settled on the island.



3、The process of creating a single, unified kingdom of England could be said to have been achieved by______________.
    A、Alfred the Great
    B、Athelstan of Wessex
    C、William I
    D、Henry II



4、What is the nickname of Queen Mary I?
    A、the Conqueror
    B、Longshank
    C、the Bloody
    D、the Virgin Queen



5、At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire.



6、The earliest identified people lived in America is ____________.
    A、Maoris
    B、American Indians
    C、Anglo-Saxons
    D、Normans



7、In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers sailed for Virginia on a ship called __________.
    A、Mayflower
    B、Victoria
    C、Peace
    D、Voyage



8、The British Empire established many private companies to administer colonies and oversea trade, the most famous one is East India Company in India.



9、By 1733, English settlers had occupied 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast.



10、Which of the following sports belong to the extreme sport?
    A、skydiving
    B、hang gliding
    C、C.rock climbing
    D、bungee jumping



第三章测试

1、The current monarch and head of state is ________.
    A、Mary II
    B、Elizabeth II
    C、Anne II
    D、Catherine II



2、Which two parties are the current major parties in Britain?
    A、The Republican and the Democrat
    B、The Conservative and the Democrat
    C、The Labour and the Republican
    D、The Conservative and the Labour



3、Which of the followings is NOT a Prime Minster of the Conservative Party?
    A、Winston Churchill
    B、Margaret Thatcher
    C、Tony Blair
    D、John Major



4、If a bill is vetoed by the President, the Congress can override the veto by_______________.
    A、the support of a two thirds majority
    B、the support of either house
    C、impeaching the President
    D、introducing a new bill



5、Which two parties are the current major parties in the U.S.?
    A、The Republican and the Democrat
    B、The Conservative and the Democrat
    C、The Labour and the Republican
    D、The Conservative and the Labour



6、To become a member of the two major parties in America, one needs to ______________.
    A、pay dues (会费)
    B、attend the initiation ceremonies
    C、attend meetings
    D、None of the above



7、What is the winning formula in campaign speeches?
    A、Ethos
    B、Cathos
    C、Logos
    D、Pathos



8、The American government consists of three parts, or branches: the executive, the _____________ and the judicial.
    A、judicial
    B、justic
    C、justical
    D、judification



9、Separation of Power is designed to divide the governmental power horizontally, i.e. separating power among the executive, legislative and judicial branches in the government of each level.



10、The bicameral Congress of the US is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.



第四章测试

1、“Jenny” was an early abbreviation of the word “________” .
    A、machine
    B、engine
    C、spinning
    D、produce



2、The United States is the world’s largest manufacturer, and its manufacturing output was greater than that of the manufacturing output of China, India, and Brazil combined.



3、The first light bulb that could glow for over 1,500 hours was invented in 1879 in the U.K..



4、Steve Jobs has been named the second greatest innovator of all time, behind Thomas Edison, in the 2012, for his contribution in the introduction of _______.
    A、computer
    B、i-phone
    C、photocopier
    D、laser



5、Silicon Valley is home to the following companies ____________.
    A、Google
    B、Apple
    C、Intel
    D、Hewlett Packard



6、The ________ economy has for a long time been the largest and most important economy in the world.
    A、UK
    B、US
    C、German
    D、Japanese



7、London is the largest financial center just next to New York.



8、The national currency of the UK is the Pound.



9、California has been the U.S. largest food and agricultural state for nearly 50 years.



10、The NASA is an Executive Branch agency, responsible for the nation’s civilian space program and aeronautics and aerospace research.



第五章测试

1、Education in Great Britain is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 15.



2、When the British pupils finish their secondary education at the age of 16, they are required to take a national exam called ___________.
    A、GCSE
    B、SAT
    C、A-Level
    D、CEE



3、All British universities are partially funded by central government grants.



4、Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, U.K..



5、Which university is the oldest one in the U.S.?
    A、Yale University
    B、Harvard University
    C、Princeton University
    D、MIT



6、Which university is the oldest one in the U.K.?
    A、Cambridge University
    B、Oxford University
    C、London University
    D、Edinburgh University



7、Which of the following Universities are located in the US?
    A、Harvard University
    B、Cambridge University
    C、Yale University
    D、Westminster University



8、The application fee is less for the U.S university than a U.K. university.



9、In undergraduate study, it is very difficult to apply for any scholarship in UK.



10、Students need to buy insurance by themselves once enrolled in British universities and it is a compulsory requirement for every student.



第六章测试

1、Now there is a collection of free-to-air, free-to-view and subscription services over a variety of distribution media in the U.K..



2、Around 1905, __________, or 5-cent movie theaters, began to offer an easy and inexpensive way for the public to watch movies in America.
    A、Nickelodeons
    B、thaumatrope
    C、Zoetrope
    D、Cinematographe



3、__________ is a typical reality TV show in America.
    A、American Idol
    B、CSI
    C、The Big Bang Theory
    D、Two And A Half Men



4、The Walt Disney’s studio is a famous U.S. company, specializing in ___________.
    A、cartoons and animations
    B、action movies
    C、comedies
    D、romance movies



5、For most British people, most days begin with a look at the morning newspaper and a cup of coffee. 



6、In Britain, freedom of the press is protected, though there is still censorship of the press.



7、The Beatles, who helped to secure a major place for its country in the development of pop and rock music is an American band.



8、__________ is a native American musical and verse form, and it is a combination of African work songs, field hollers and shouts.
    A、Blues
    B、Jazz
    C、Rock and roll
    D、Folk



9、Though originally a kind of dance music,_________ has been a major part of popular music, and has also become a major element of Western Classical music.
    A、Blues
    B、Jazz
    C、Rock and roll
    D、Folk



10、Which of the following bands are British bands?
    A、The Rolling Stones
    B、The Beatles
    C、The Pink Floyd
    D、The Queens



第七章测试

1、Nowadays, a typical English breakfast consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms and baked beans all washed down with a cup of coffee.



2、Hamburgers and hot dogs are foods that are commonly identified as American.



3、The majority of Americans identify themselves as Christians, while close to one third claim no religious affiliation.



4、In recent years, the religious share of Christians is increasing.



5、Which of the following Christmas event is NOT typical British?
    A、the Queen's Christmas Message
    B、Boxing Day
    C、Decorating Christmas trees
    D、Pantomime



6、Religion is a way to ______.
    A、explain the mysteries of life
    B、tell how and why the world was created
    C、tell why there is life and death
    D、tell what happens when people die



7、Which of the followings about the Easter are TRUE?
    A、It is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesusfrom the dead.
    B、It can fall on any date from 22 March to 25 April.
    C、Christians gather together on Easter Sunday
    D、The traditional Easter gift is an Easter Bunny.



8、Every Easter Sunday, the president of the United States holds an annual Easter egg hunt on the White House lawn for young children.



9、The apartment in Britain is called flat.



第八章测试

1、Which of the following sports did not begin in Britain?
    A、cricket
    B、golf
    C、lawn tennis
    D、basketball



2、The owner of a bar is called a landlord instead of a manager in the U.S..



3、Beer bars, sometimes called taverns are not allowed to sell _______.
    A、cider
    B、vodka
    C、juice
    D、red wine



4、Sundays used to be the one day of the week for ‘worship and rest’, but now people tend to spend their time shopping, gardening or DIY.



5、The popular sports include the followings EXCEPT_______.
    A、cricket
    B、football
    C、lawn tennis
    D、basketball



6、The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, was used as a prison in the past.



7、The wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer was held in the _____________.
    A、Westminster Abbey
    B、St. Paul’s Cathedral
    C、Canterbury Cathedral
    D、York Minster



8、The Fisherman’s Wharf is located in __________ in the U.S.
    A、Washington D.C.
    B、New York
    C、Los Angeles
    D、San Francisco



9、The highlight of the English football year is the FA (Football Association )Cup Final each May.



10、_______________ are the most prestigious awards given in the British television industry.
    A、Golden Globe Awards
    B、Grammy Awards
    C、The British Academy Television Awards
    D、Emmy Awards



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